Phillip Riley Research Series: Singapore

Singapore report

Singapore is different to all the other countries we have reported about so far and the measures it is taking to combat climate change are subsequently also very different. The combination of extremely limited resource availability and a dense island population mean that cleaning up the energy mix and reducing carbon emissions is a real challenge for Singapore. It has no fossil fuel resources and very little opportunity to use renewables but emissions-reducing measures do need to be implemented as it is host to several emissions-intensive industries.

Singapore graph

The government of Singapore has set out a four part plan to meet it emissions reduction targets – called the Climate Action Plan. Energy efficiency is often seen as the “low hanging fruit” in emissions reduction measures but for Singapore, with its limited renewable energy options, it is the backbone of their Climate Action Plan. Other parts of the plan include reducing emissions from electricity generation, building up the nation’s alternative energy technology market and encouraging collective action. Solar is likely the only renewable technology type that will play a major role in Singapore’s power sector but they are attracting a lot of clean energy companes to the region with their cutting-edge research (e.g. floating solar PV farms, microgrid interconnection, integrating solar into urban environments) and supportive policy environment for alternative energy development.

To continue to read the full Singapore report as part of our Research Series “The Future is Renewable: Targets and Policies by Country”, please click “Read More”.

Singapore Report

Singapore is different to all the other countries we have reported about so far and the measures it is taking to combat climate change are subsequently also very different. The combination of extremely limited resource availability and a dense island population mean that cleaning up the energy mix and reducing carbon emissions is a real challenge for Singapore. It has no fossil fuel resources and very little opportunity to use renewables. Singapore is making the best of its situation by focusing on energy efficiency and becoming a hub for technology and research in alternative energy solutions. Many policies and programs have been introduced so that Singapore still contributes to the global effort to mitigate global warming.

To read the full Singapore report as part of our Research Series, please download the PDF below.

Phillip Riley Research Series: Taiwan

Taiwan report

Taiwan has limited fossil fuel reserves and as a result imports almost all of their energy supply. This imported energy supply makes up 98% Taiwan’s total energy and is highly dependent on fossil fuels. As a result, there have been a number of challenges when attempting to increase the proportion of renewable energy within their energy mix. Taiwan’s energy supply, including imports, consists mainly of oil (48%), coal (29%) and natural gas (13%). Of the energy that is produced domestically, biomass contributes the largest amount, accounting for 1.38% of the total energy supply.

Biomass is the main source of energy produced in Taiwan. Of the 2% of domestically produced energy, just over half of this comes from biomass. Biomass has likely been successfully implemented due to Taiwan’s large agriculture sector. However, Taiwan may face difficulties when attempting to further increase the amount of renewable energy within the system. Pairing intermittent renewable energy with imported fossil fuels (mainly oil and coal) will reduce the energy security within the system. This will place Taiwan at a higher risk of blackouts.

Taiwan-Report

In order for Taiwan to continue to increase their renewable energy production, a restructuring of the energy system must occur.

To continue to read the full Taiwan report as part of our Research Series “The Future is Renewable: Targets and Policies by Country”, please click “Read More”.

Taiwan Report

Taiwan has limited fossil fuel reserves and as a result imports almost all of their energy supply. This imported energy supply makes up 98% Taiwan’s total energy and is highly dependent on fossil fuels. As a result, there have been a number of challenges when attempting to increase the proportion of renewable energy within their energy mix. Taiwan’s energy supply, including imports, consists mainly of oil (48%), coal (29%) and natural gas (13%). Of the energy that is produced domestically, biomass contributes the largest amount, accounting for 1.38% of the total energy supply.

To read the full Taiwan report as part of our Research Series, please download the PDF below.

China Report

As one of the largest countries in the world with the biggest population, China faces unique challenges in its energy sector. Changing to a cleaner energy supply is a key part of China’s plans to tackle climate change and the Chinese government is actively promoting renewables as an important part of transitioning to a low carbon economy. China is the world’s largest energy consumer and as its economy continues to grow, demand for energy is also increasing. China has immense reserves of coal, so it follows that coal has long been the most-used source of energy, but it has recently become a world leader in renewable energy as well. The government of China has put in place several policies and targets in an effort to reduce emissions and air pollution as well as increase renewable energy use.

To read the full China report as part of our Research Series, please download the PDF below.